Causes, Effects and Solutions to the Problem of Climate Change

As earlier discussed in a previous article on, the problem of climate change has suddenly received a lot of global attention. Presently, world has been facing numerous challenges and it has been on the top of the list.

Climate change, which is a shift in global weather conditions, is caused by each of the following factors:

  • Deforestation
  • Burning of fossil fuels
  • Overgrazing
  • Use of fertilisers which contain nitrogen
  • Increased rate of livestock farming
  • Industrialization
  • Greenhouse effect
  • Fluorinated gases

What are the effects of climate change?

Suppose you were asked what the effect of climate change is. Here’s some assignment help for you!

  • Rising sea levels: Climate change is largely responsible for the unusual rise of sea levels in many places in the world.
  • Overflooding: This is connected to the first factor above. Overflooding, as one of the effects of climate change, is not limited to developing countries alone. Some developed countries also face the same problem. This happens especially when there is a very heavy downpour.
  • Food shortage: When farmlands are flooded with rain water, a lot of food that should have been harvested get destroyed. This will lead to food shortage. Already this is happening in some countries of the world.
  • High earth temperatures: This is something almost everyone can see and are experiencing. The rays from the sun are higher and more intense than before. This is an effect of climate change.
  • Mass extinction of some species of animals: when there is overflooding caused by a continuous heavy downpour, some animals will not be able to survive it. These species therefore, will go into extinction.
  • Drought
  • Farmlands becoming deserts

What, then, are the solutions to the problem of climate change?

Going green. By this point, I mean going natural rather than artificial. Instead of using unnatural means of energy, it’s high time the world considered solar energy more seriously than before. Giant companies should begin to adjust to using natural means of energy supply. The hazardous gaseous waste they release from their factories have very terrible effects on the atmosphere, so it’s time they go green.

Legislation against excessive use of non-renewable energy. Government in various countries and at various levels should legislate against the use of non-renewable energy. This will ‘drive’ citizens, particularly factories, to think outside the box. This will propel them to go for renewable energy sources.

Afforestation. The planting of trees is known as afforestation. Individual households should be intentional about contributing their own quota to solve the problem of climate change. One way they can do this is by planting trees around where they live and work.

Reducing the use of engines that emit gases which are harmful to the environment. Examples of these engines are cars, and other vehicles. Again, this is an individual decision and effort. For example, you can decide to walk instead of using a car to get to your destination. Or you can use a bicycle.